Nigeria

Capital: Abuja, Population: 186M, Currency: Nigerian Naira

History

Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.

Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With approximately 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has one of the largest populations of youth in the world.

It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014. The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent.

Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank, it has been identified as a regional power on the African continent.

Muhammadu Buhari GCFR (born 17 December 1942) is the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015. He is a retired major general in the Nigerian Army and previously served as the nation's head of state from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, after taking power in a military coup d'état.

Culture

  • The culture of Nigeria is shaped by Nigeria's multiple ethnic groups. The six largest ethnic groups are the Hausa and Fulani in the north, the Igbo in the southeast, and the Yoruba predominate in the southwest.

  • The Fulani and the Hausa are predominantly Muslim while the Igbo are predominantly Christian and so are the Efik, Ibibio, and Annang people. The Yoruba are equally likely to be either Christian or Muslim. Indigenous religious practices remain important to all of Nigeria's ethnic groups, and frequently these beliefs are blended with Christian beliefs.

  • The music of Nigeria includes many kinds of traditional and popular music, some of which are known worldwide. Modern consists of pop, hip-hop or rap, D'banj, P-Square, Ice Prince, 2face Idibia, Naeto C, M.I, Olamide, Davido, Wizkid and Phyno.

Languages

  • The country has 527 languages, seven of them are extinct. Nigeria also has over 1150 dialects and ethnic groups.

  • The official language of Nigeria, English, the former colonial language, was chosen to facilitate the cultural and linguistic unity of the country. Communication in the English language is much more popular in the country's urban communities than it is in the rural areas.

  • The other major languages are Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Urhobo, Ibibio, Edo, Fulfulde and Kanuri. Nigeria's linguistic diversity is a microcosm of much of Africa as a whole, and the country contains languages from the three major African languages families: Afroasiatic, Nilo-Saharan and Niger–Congo.

 

Food

  • Nigerian food offers a rich blend of traditionally African carbohydrates such as yam and cassava as well as the vegetable soups with which they are often served. Maize is another crop that is commonly grown in Nigeria.

  • Nigerian foods are spicy, mostly in the western and southern part of the country, even more so than in Indian cuisine. Some more examples of their traditional dishes are eba, pounded yam, iyan and soups like okra, ogbono and egusi.

  • Meat is also popular and Nigerian suya—a barbecue-like roasted meat—is a well-known delicacy. Fermented palm products make a traditional liquor, palm wine, and also fermented cassava.

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