Capital: Accra, Population: 28,21M, Currency: Cedi


Ghana is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy and is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south.

The flag of Ghana, consisting of the colours red, gold, green, and a black star, became the new flag in 1957 when Gold Coast gained its name Ghana. It was designed by Theodosia Salome Okoh; the red represents the blood that was shed towards independence, the gold represents the industrial minerals wealth of Ghana, the green symbolises the rich grasslands of Ghana, and the black star is the symbol of the Ghanaian people and African emancipation.

Kwame Nkrumah, first Prime Minister of Ghana, and then President of Ghana, was the first African head of state to promote the concept of Pan-Africanism, which he had been introduced to during his studies at Lincoln University, Pennsylvania in the United States, at the time when Marcus Garvey was becoming famous for his "Back to Africa Movement".[34] Nkrumah merged the teachings of Marcus Garvey, Martin Luther King, Jr. and the naturalised Ghanaian scholar W. E. B. Du Bois into the formation of 1960s Ghana.

Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo is the President of Ghana, in office since January 2017.[2] He previously served as Attorney General from 2001 to 2003 and as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2003 to 2007.


  • The vast majority of Ghana's population—98% percent—are Black Africans. Ghana is a multi-ethnic country. The largest ethnic group is the Ashanti people.

  • In the 1990s a new genre of music was created by the youth incorporating the influences of highlife, Afro-reggae, dancehall and hiphop.[210] This hybrid was called hiplife. Ghanaian artists such as "Afro Roots" singer, activist and songwriter Rocky Dawuni, R&B and soul singer Rhian Benson and Sarkodie have had international success

  • Ghanaian dance is as diverse as its music, and there are traditional dances and different dances for different occasions.[215] The most known Ghanaian dances are those for celebrations. These dances include the Adowa, Kpanlogo, Azonto, Klama, and Bamaya


There are eleven languages that have the status of government-sponsored languages:

  • Four are Akan ethnic languages (Asante Twi, Akuapem Twi, Mfantse and Nzema)

  • Two are Mole-Dagbani ethnic languages (Dagaare, Dagbanli and Hausa language)

  • The rest are Ewe, Dangme, Ga, Gonja, and Kasem

English is the language of the state


  • Ghanaian cuisine is diverse, most Ghanaian soups are prepared with vegetables, meat, poultry or fish and can be eaten with fufu which is the most common exported Ghanaian dish in that it is a delicacy across the African diaspora.

  • Fish is important in the Ghanaian diet with tilapia, roasted and fried whitebait, smoked fish and crayfish all being common components of Ghanaian dishes.

  • Banku is a common Ghanaian starchy food made from ground corn (maize),and cornmeal based staples, kenkey and banku  are usually accompanied by some form of fried fish or grilled tilapia and shito (pepper sauce).

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